Throughout recent history, the election process in the United States has been a spark for lots of controversies and political discourse. A common argument people have in regards to the election process is whether or not the U.S. needs to eliminate the Electoral College. I believe that the Electoral College is a crucial aspect of our Democratic Republic government system that we have in the united states. The electoral college is important and needs to remain in practice because it maintains a federal system of state government representation and requires a distribution of popular support in order for a candidate to be elected.
In order to build an opinion on the topic of the Electoral College, it is crucial to understand the history and purpose of its enactment. The Electoral College was founded as an alternative to presidential election by popular vote or a vote by congressional leaders. The Electoral College consists of representatives from each state whos numbers are determined based on the state’s number of delegates in the House of Representatives, as well as the two senate members. These electors then cast their vote for the president based on the popular vote of their region. The system is crucial to our government structure as it gives power to individual states rather than just populated areas of the country. One of the biggest reasons I think the system needs to remain in place is because the United States gives power to its individual states when it comes to representation in congress through delegates being elected based on not only state population, but also the guarantee that each state is equally represented through two senate members. The biggest reason that the power granted to individual states is so important is that the U.S.’s massive geographical size creates many diverse cultures and ways of life for its citizens. For example, the culture that can be seen in Texas is so different than that of New York. From the perspective of a foreigner viewing bot areas, it is possible that the two could be seen as almost two different countries only sharing a common language. This vast difference in culture between states also creates a huge observable difference in political views. The system of representatives is also very important as even within states there are vast political differences seen between urban and rural areas. A great example of this can be seen in cities like Austin and Houston. These two cities with massive populations have elected officials from the Democratic party, whereas suburban and rural communities outside of these areas have elected officials with completely different views. Electing a president simply based on the popular vote would ignore the fact of the cultural and political differences based on different regions within the country and even the states therefore not accounting for the importance of our states. Every person’s vote is important and political affiliations vary based on locations, which makes the Electoral College is the best way of ensuring that a president is elected based on the opinions of an entire state and not just the metropolitan areas.
While the United States was founded on the basis of democracy, it was not the goal of the founding fathers to allow the mob to control the outcome of every political decision. The founding fathers realized the fact that mob rule would eventually lead to complete anarchy and the death of the U.S. democratic republic. Since its ratification, the U.S. constitution has reserved rights for individual states and their beliefs rather than the beliefs of the mob to ensure the system of representatives remained crucial to the success of the country.
The Electoral College is essential in maintaining the democratic republic system of governing that has preserved the state’s rights as well as giving individuals a voice in the government.